In your academic research, you will most likely be asked to put forward an argument. By that we don’t mean two (or more) people shouting at each other, but rather the arguiing of a case, like might happen in a court of law. Important here is that you don’t just put forward one particular point of view, but also show what other people say, other points of view.
So ask yourself who ‘argues’ with your point of you – and tell your reader! You want to have a balanced view, rather than a biased one (which would be just showing one point of view). Then convince your reader of your point of view by providing evidence for it. Think about all the pros and cons – and present them to your reader with evidence, in order to argue your case.